The aim of this study was to calculate the prevalence of pes planus and pes cavus in the population of Foggie in Southern Italy, and to show significant differences due to gender or age.
The authors conducted a cross-sectional study from January 2011 to August 2016, in the Orthopaedic Ambulatory of the Local Health Unit of Foggia, Italy.
Baropodometrical digital techniques map the pressures exerted on the foot plant during both static and dynamic loadings.
The baropodometric analysis was performed by an orthopaedist to diagnose flatfoot and hollow foot, and additional information such as gender and age were recorded.
The authors calculated percentages, means and standard deviation.
The Chi-square test, and the calculation of Odds Ratio were used to identify differences due to these two variables – sex and age.
From 2011 to 2016, the authors performed 7,816 static and dynamic baropodometric tests and radiological exams of the spine in different positions in order to detect, evaluate and verify the presence of spine pathologies or postural disorders.
978 patients were screened for suspected foot deformities: 668 cases of hollow feet and 310 of flat feet were diagnosed.
Patients with hollow feet had an average age of 50.4 years; patients with flat feet had an average age of 39.88 years.
The most number of cases were found in the group 4-10 years old for flat feet (35.48%); 50-60 years old (22.16%) and 60-70 years old (19.31%) for hollow feet.
In this study, the authors identified 310 cases of pes planus: younger people and male individuals were found to be at a greater risk of developing the disease.
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