Cerebral palsy refers to a group of permanent disorders occurring in the early stages of development which affect, in part, movement and posture.
The result is a host of impairments in the normal functioning of the body causing limited mobility, weak coordination of movements, loss of sensorimotor control, poor balance and decreased muscle strength.
Secondary musculoskeletal problems such as muscle contractures and bony deformities that develop gradually as a response to these impairments lead to further diminishing of motor control in the patient.
As mentioned by Richards et al. in their study on the disorder, the following cerebral palsy classification with four major components has been proposed in the past – motor abnormalities, accompanying impairments, anatomical/neuro-imaging findings and causation/timing.
The specific motor control deficits observed in children with cerebral palsy, as listed in the study, include excessive spread of reflex excitation at rest, exaggerated stretch reflexes during passive movements, diminished or lack of antagonist muscle inhibition during voluntary movements and deficits in postural reaction to perturbations.
The authors suggest the use of two early detection tools namely, General Movements Assessment and Test of Infant Motor Performance, which could lead to an early intervention and help in the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy.
For those past the period of infancy and in whom the movement disorder has been established, Antigone S. Papavasiliou suggests that management and treatment strategies must focus on – 1) minimising the development of secondary problems by reducing or normalising the tone, facilitating adequate stretch to muscles and increasing active range of motion, 2) strengthening weak muscles, 3) improving mobility and acquiring functional motor skills, 4) promoting functional independence.
Although multiple orthosis may be required throughout the child’s development, an orthotic intervention in the form of customised foot orthotics such as MASS4D® may help in controlling ankle plantar flexion and treat secondary effects, having a favourable impact on the equinus foot.
With an improvement in ankle range of motion, there is a reduction in the load placed on the soft tissue supportive structures around the ankle, helping diminish compensatory movements of the lower limbs and providing a stable base of support for resistance of body sway.
Copyright 2017 MASS4D® All rights reserved.
Rehabilitation of Your Foot and Lower Back Conditions.
Long Lasting Wear
Strong Foot Support
Easy to use
Handmade MASS4D® Quality
Sign up for free recommended foot exercises, stretching, medical news and everything good for your feet
Please have a a look at our medical reviews and clinical articles on everything about lower biomechanics.
You should always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions regarding personal health or medical conditions.
The content, products and services offered herein, are here to educate consumers on healthcare and medical issues that may affect their daily lives. Nothing in the content, products or services should be considered, or used as a substitute for, medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This site and its services do not constitute the practice of any medical, nursing or other professional healthcare advice, diagnosis or treatment.
The marks "MASS4D" and the MASS4D logo are trademarks. The content and design of MASS4D.com is protected by U.S. and international copyright laws. You may not copy, reproduce, republish, upload, post, display, transmit or frame any of these materials without prior written consent from MASS4D®.
The content, products or services on this site should not be considered or used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and is not intended to provide individual medical advice. Included materials and conversations do not imply a personalised doctor-patient relationship.
Copyright and Intellectual property
MASS4D® is owned and operated by Scheibye General Trading LLC - Licence no: 853463
MASS4D® and Logo are registered trademarks of MASS4D Inc. All content, trademarks, artwork, and associated imagery are trademarks and/or copyright material of MASS4D® Inc.